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Twelve Mile Swamp Conservation Area


20,338 acres. The district owns 378 acres of the total.


St. Johns County, approximately eight miles north of St. Augustine.


This conservation area is composed mostly of planted pine forest with several small cypress domes throughout. This 378-acre recreation area is part of a 21,898-acre tract that is under a long-term timber reservation. The larger tract — Twelve Mile Swamp Wildlife Management Area (WMA) — is managed by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission and is open for public hunting season. This tract is composed of a series of large swamps. Together, these swamps form the headwaters of six major tributary systems. Three of these tributaries, Turnbull Creek, Mill Creek and Sampson Creek, discharge into the St. Johns River. Two others, Moultrie Creek and Red House Branch, discharge into the Matanzas River, while Stokes Creek discharges into the Tolomato River. Preservation of this site serves to protect the water quality and quantity of these creek systems and benefits the groundwater and water supply for this area of St. Johns County.

Wildlife viewing:

Please respect Florida’s wildlife and use caution while visiting district lands. These are wild animals. For your safety, do not approach or feed any wild animal. Common wildlife sightings include white-tailed deer, foxes, songbirds and a variety of snakes.

Wildlife Viewing Hiking Biking
Recreational activities:
  1. Hiking, bicycling, horseback riding and wildlife viewing. more info
  2. Seasonal hunting is permitted at the WMA. View hunting information.
Restrictions: more info
  1. Motorized vehicles are not permitted.

The Twelve Mile Swamp Conservation Area is located on International Golf Parkway, just west of U.S. 1.

For more information:

Call the district’s Bureau of Land Resources at 386-329-4404.


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St. Johns River Water Management District
4049 Reid Street, Palatka, FL 32177
(800) 725-5922